Awning windows are hinged at the top and open outward.
Bay windows are combinations of three or more windows projecting outward from a room.
Casement windows are hinged at the side and crank outward.
Double-hung windows open vertically with a sash that slides up and down.
French windows and doors are constructed with multiple, individual sections of glass divided by mullions (vertical or horizontal strips used to separate the glass panes.)
A jalousie window is a window made of glass slats or louvers that crank open and can be adjusted to admit air but exclude rain.
Picture windows are stationary windows often used to complement others.
Similar to a double-hung window except sashes slide horizontally in a track instead of vertically.